You just cannot bring in any good into a country. Importing is a structured process and if you wish to procure goods from another country into Canada you need to follow some norms of the Canadian Border Security Agency
The process of importing can seem very daunting, due to the number of paper works it require, the number of rules and regulations and the monitoring it requires. You can handle the process yourself, or you can appoint a reputed licensed customs broker to handle the trouble for you and be with you through the entire procedure.
Here we are going to discuss extensively the norms that you require to follow while importing goods in Canada.
As soon as you are considering to import goods in Canada you need to register for an import/export account. Once you are registered you will be given a Business Number (BN). This is your unique nine digit account number for any future dealing with the Canadian Government, regarding taxes, payroll deductions, income tax and other activities.
Navigating the border
You need to be aware of the norms of every border entrance of the Canadian territory to avoid return of your shipment. For this you need you need to make sure :
- The goods you plan to import are not prohibited in Canada
- If there are any restrictions on the goods to be imported, if you require any approvals regarding the subject
- You know the proper process of tariff classification, and the methods of calculating duties and taxes
- You appoint a shipping company that is well aware of the customs norms and comply with them
- That the supplier of the goods you are importing meets with the packaging and labelling norms of the Canadian government
- That all the documents and paper that are needed at the border are well prepared and ready along with the shipment
- You are prepared to pay the duties and taxes required for customs clearance.
Furthermore, you need to:
- report the goods at the border
- obtain tariff classifications
- need to know about the permits and license
- need to be aware of the Canadian economic sanctions
- Warehouse your shipment
As discussed earlier, importing goods in a country needs to be regulated and monitored methodically to avoid any customs restrictions for it to be imported within the borders. The federal and provincial government of Canada has very extensive rules and regulations regarding the importing procedure. We have discussed the points to be considered while planning to import goods in Canada. Here we are going to explain a few more things that need attention while transporting the shipment across the Canadian borders and meet the CBSA norms.
Reporting of the goods to be imported:
There are different methods of reporting of the imported goods at the border depending on the mode of transport of arrival.
Marine and air modes
Goods being imported via waterways or airways need to transmit the data electronically to the CBSA before the arrival of the goods at Canada, as mentioned in the Advance Commercial Information program.
Rail and highway modes
For the goods arriving at the Canadian borders via roadways or railways, the carrier company has to transmit all the required data to the CBSA prior to the arrival.
The Customs Tariff calculation is done in compliance with the World Customs Organization’s Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System.The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System page needs to be read through for any information. The CBSA has a computerized hotline working 24 hours, to provide you with tariff classification, permits, rates of taxes and duties to be cleared. Proper Customs Tariff Classification is essential for calculating the taxes you need to pay.
Permits and Licenses
Canada has a set of federal rules as well as provincial rules for importing goods. The provincial rules often vary for on entry point to another. You need to be aware of the federal as well as the provincial permits that you might require to start your import/export business. It also has a separate set of rules for importing food, animal and plant products in to the country. If your business deals with any of these, you may have to get an extra permit or license.
Canadian Economic Sanctions
You need to be well aware of the Canadian Economic sanctions that prohibit or restrict economic transaction with any particular country, organization or individual, who seem to be a threat for the nation. These sanctions and restrictions can affect your business by:
Warehousing or storing your shipment
Another important factor to be noted while importing goods is its storage. Before the entire process of customs clearance is met, the imported shipment needs to be moved and stored under proper surveillance. Though the control of the goods remain in the hands of the CBSA, you have the option of choosing according to your convenience.
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